Dental implants are screws which are inserted into the bone and act as a replacement root for the missing teeth. An implant is inserted when the patient opts for a fixed solution without drilling the existing teeth.
Before an implant is inserted, a CT scan of the area is made to assess the bone condition and determine the size and type of implant. If the bone is not high or wide enough, it can be replaced by artificial, natural or patient’s own bone (a graft from another area).
If one or more teeth are missing, the treatment depends on several factors: the patient's wishes, biological predispositions (the condition of the remaining teeth, bone condition, inter-jaw relations) aesthetics and finances of the patient.
The surgical placement of dental implants is painless because it is done under local anesthesia.
After procedure, the implant is left to heal through osseointegration (fusion with the surrounding bone) for 3 - 6 months, depending on the primary stability of the implant at surgical placement. After the process of osseointegration has been completed, the healing cap is removed and abutment is placed on implants to form the gums for the future crown. After the gums have been formed, an impression of your teeth is taken and a suprastructure with a ceramic crown is placed. This suprastructure can be made of titanium or zirconium, depending on the position of the implant, and the crown is made of ceramics on zirconium-oxide.
At our dental clinic Swiss Straumann implants are inserted. The implants are made of titanium to avoid allergic reactions. The lifespan of an implant mostly depends on a very thorough oral hygiene and regular recall visits to your dentist. Other important factors are general health conditions, medical therapy and eating habits.
There are several medical conditions that rule out the use of implants, such as osteoporosis, bisphosphonate therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy...
Implants are not recommended to patients younger than 18 years of age because in such patients the jaw bone tissue is not fully developed.
The whole treatment, depending on the scope of work, takes about 5 appointments with the dentist within the period of 3 to12 months.